Sunday, May 10, 2020


🌸Chang Jiang 
• This is the Chinese name of the Yangtze River 

🌸Chao Phraya 
• This is the main river of Thailand on the banks of which the capital of the country,  
Bangkok, is located. 
• The river is about 365 km in length. 
• It, however, is highly polluted because of the discharge of liquid and solid wastes in  
the river by the inhabitants of Bangkok. 
• Special program has been prepared to clean the river to maintain its ecosystems in a  healthy condition.
• Flowing in Myanmar, Chindwin is the main tributary of the Irrawaddy River. 
• Having a length of about 550km, its source lies in the northern part of Myanmar. 
• It merges into the Irrawaddy to the north of Yangon (Rangoon). 
• It inundates the neighboring areas, especially in its lower reaches during the season  
of summer monsoon. 
• Its basin is known for the cultivation of rice, maize, millets, legumes, and vegetables.
🌸Clyde River
• This is an important river in the western parts of Scotland. 
• Originating from the Uplands, it flows through Glasgow to the Firth of Clyde. 
• The district of Clydebank, located on its banks, is known for the ship-building and  
iron and steel industries. 
• Among the other industries of Clyde, engineering and electronic goods, precision  
instruments, agricultural machinery, consumer goods, and food-processing are  

🔆Mekong River
This is one of the most important rivers of Southeast Asia which passes through  
China, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. 
• It merges into the South China Sea. 
• For a part of its course, it forms the boundary between Laos and its western  
neighbors Myanmar and Thailand. 
• Its source was discovered by a joint Franco-British expedition in 1994. 
• It is also known as the “Danube of the East”. 

🔆Mississippi River
• Mississippi River having its source from nears the Canadian border in the Minnesota  
State of USA, passes southward before making its bird-foot like delta in the Gulf of  
• Along with its main tributary Missouri, it is 6019 km in length. 
• Some of the important cities of USA like Minneapolis, St. Louis, Memphis, and New  
Orleans are located along its banks. 
• It is navigable up to Minneapolis, despite industrialization in its Basin; it is a relatively  
less polluted river of USA. 

• Having its origin in the Rocky Mountain in the state of Montana, it is the largest  
tributary of the Mississippi River of USA. 
• It joins the Mississippi River at St Louis. 
• In its upper reaches, it flows over rapids, cataracts, and the Great Falls. 
• Its total length is 4125 km. 

🔆Murry River
• Having its source into the Great Dividing Range, it is the main river of Australia. 
• It makes the border of New South Wales and the Victoria states. 
• Having a length of 2590 km, it moves south-westward and merges into the Darling  
River before entering into the Southern Ocean. 
• Its plain is highly productive in which wheat and barley cultivation, dairying, and  
market-gardening are important economic activities. 
Niger River 
• It is the main river of western Africa. 
• Having its source in the Loma Mountains, it passes through Mali, Niger, and Nigeria.

Gulf of Guinea 
🌸 The Gulf of Guinea is the north-easternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. 
🌸  The intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian (zero degrees latitude and longitude) is in this gulf.Among the many rivers that drain into the Gulf of Guinea are the Niger and the Volta. 
🌸  The coastline on the Gulf of Guinea consists of the Bight of Benin ( Slave Coast.) and the  
Bight of Biafra (or Bonny). 
🌸  The islands that can be found in the Gulf of Guinea include: Bobowasi Island, Corsico Island, Bioko Island, Elobey Grande Island, Elobey Chico Island, and Principle Island. 
🌸  The Gulf of Guinea has natural resources such as offshore oil deposits and deposits of hard minerals (Gypsum, Topaz, Quartz, etc.).

Originating from the southern slopes of Mount Khakabo Razi, it is the main river of  Myanmar. 
• It is 2090 km in length. 
• Flowing southward, it makes a huge delta before passing its water into the Gulf of  
Martaban (Bay of Bengal). 
• It plain is highly productive and densely populated. 
• The river often inundates the neighboring areas during the rainy season. 

• Originating from the Altai Mountains, it is the main tributary of the Ob River of  
• It remains frozen during the winter season. 
• The city of Omsk is located on its bank. 
• The soils in its basin remain permafrost. 
• The plain of the river is sparsely populated by the Eskimos and migratory tribes who  
are dependent on the hunting of reindeer and fish. 

🔆Kama River 
• This is a river of Russia which rises in the central Urals and flows in a loop towards  
northeast, joining the Volga River near the city of Kazan. 
• It is the main tributary of the 

🔆Volga River. 
• It, however, remains frozen during the winter season.        
Kolyma River 
• This is a river that rises in the highlands of Kolyma of eastern Siberia. 
• It remains frozen during the greater part of the year. 
• The Eskimos fix their camps along its banks during the summer season. 

🔆Lena River 
• Originating from the western shore of the Baikal Lake, it is an important river of  
• It merges into the Sea of Laptev-an arm of the Arctic Ocean. 
• The river remains frozen for about eight months in a year. 
• The melting of snow in the summer season inundates the low lying areas in its  
middle course. 
• The Eskimos camp along its banks in the winter season. 

• Rising from the highlands of Transvaal, this river merges into the Indian Ocean. 
• For much of its course, it forms a boundary between South Africa, Botswana, and  
• Passing over the undulating topography, it has a great potential for the development  
of hydro-electricity.

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